Nihon Buyó is a traditional japanese dance. As far as similar disciplines go this one is relatively young, originating in the early Edo period (1603 – 1868).
It´s movements are based on traditional japanese theatres – Nógaku and Kabuki, with some degree of influence from Europe. There are compositions typically men and women-like, though it´s not unusual for woman to be performing a man´s dance and other way around.
The primary tool used in Nihon Buyó is an ornate fan, sensu, and other properties depending on the particular composition. Unlike in classical dance which we know the improvisation is minimal, the main thing being telling of a story. Set of movements is given and is being performed jointly with the music, often a song telling a chapter from Japanese history or mythology, which the dancer transmits to viewers visually.